So far, it is known that various places have yielded funerary cones with or without preserving their original locations. In this page, I introduce all places, from North to South, at which cones were found, as well as their references.
This led after a turn to the south and again to the west to a chamber in the floor of which was a shallow burial pit (filled with water). In this burial pit was found an uninscribed carnelian scarab and a few beads such as are usually ascribed to the twelfth dynasty. About the entrance to the corridor, a number of red baked clay cones (not inscribed) were found in the surface debris.
The tomb (N. 3062=Zenihiro added) was completely plundered. Even the mud floor was broken into. In the dirt one complete pottery cone was found and several broken ones such as were found near the 12th dyn. tomb on the northern edge and in many other 12th dynasty tombs at Sheikh Farag and in cemeteries 3500 and 100.
Im Jahre 1913 sah ich an den Gräbern des Neuen Reichs in Naga ed Deïr neben einem Topf des Neuen Reichs etwa zehn mit roter Farbe überzogene, unbeschriebene Grabkegel der üblichen Form liegen; es sind m. W. die einzigen außerhalb Thebens und Abu Simbels bisher in Ägypten nachgewiesenen.(von Bissing 1926: 171)
J'ai ramassé dans ce cimetière (Note: in Rizeiqât) un certain nombre de cônes funéraires semblables à ceux de Gournah mais sans inscriptions; déjà à Abydos j'en avais remarqué quelques-uns: l'usage de cet objet n'est donc pas spécial à la nécropole de Thèbes. J'en ai rapporté également une table d'offrandes ronde en terre cuite, avec les aliments figurés en relief, et quelques autres simulacres de provisions trouvés épars dans le sable.(Daressy 1926 [ASAE 26]: 18-19.)
Simpson 1995: 79-80.
In der recht kursorischen Veröffentlichung des Saff-Grabes berichtet Petrie zwar nichts über den Fund von Grabkegeln in oder an diesem Grab bzw. generell in dem von ihm ausgegrabenen Bereich der Nekropole. Allerdings konnte Di. Arnold bei Begehungen noch in den Jahren 1966-68 bei diesem Saff-Grab Grabkegel des "undekorierten, 11.-Dynastie-Typ[s]" feststellen.(Polz 2007: 272.)
Drower and Myers 1940: 101, Pl. 107.
Daressy 1926 [ASAE 26]: 18. See 'Abydos' section above.
Málek 1982: 428.
JE 54575 (Register book owned by the Egyptian Museum in Cairo).
La facciata doveva esser decorata in qualche modo con coni di terracotta, ritrovati in gran numero tra i crolli ai piedi del muro a pilastri della fronte. Sebbene lo stato di conservazione attuale non permetta ulteriori precisazioni, è possibile che i varchi tra i pilastri avessero una copertura ad arco, analoga a quella osservata a proposito di una grande tomba a saff messa in luce dagli scavi Schiaparelli presso la tomba di Iti. Il corridoio era certamente coperto da una volta a botte coassiale, la cui imposta è stata individuata a 80 cm. al di sopra della quota del battuto. Consistenti crolli della copertura sono stati rinvenuti nel cospicuo riempimento del corridoio: il loro esame ha permesso di stabilire che la volta, a botte, era costituita di mattoni lievemente incurvati (31/29x14.5x7 cm.), con un lato (corrispondente all'estradosso della volta) più lungo di quello opposto. Coni di terracotta potevano esser stati infissi anche tra i mattoni della copertura (a giudicare da alcuni resti di malta recanti ancora l'impronta del cono ivi confitto). La cappella, trasversale al corridoio e in asse perfetto con l'intero complesso, era anch'essa coperta con volta a botte, a sesto rialzato: la struttura qui fu ritrovata in migliore stato di conservazione. Curiosamente, pare fosse costituita da un unico guscio di mattoni, la cui intonacatura, sull'estradosso, non mostra tracce di ulteriori murature al di sopra di sé.(Bergamini 2004: 75)
Sayce 1905 [ASAE 6].
At the north end of the burial-ground were traces of two tombs which must have originally been the chief ones in the cemetery. On the northern side of them the ground had been filled with inscribed terra-cotta cones, the first that have heen found outside Thebes, tho' uninscribed cones of the XIIth dynasty have been discovered at Rizagât and I have picked one up at Gebelên. An Arab building has stood upon the spot, the foundations of which I excavated, and, in the old "kitchen- midden" of the building, I found several of the cones and the fragments of an alabaster jar as well as of a terra-cotta coffin with hatched edge. A comparison of the various cones which I collected gives the two accompanying inscriptions :
1. "The divine scribe, Aa-pehti".
2. "The divine scribe, priest (?) of the temple of Hathor, lady of Âg(e)n, Aa-neter".
The importance of these inscriptions lies in their giving the site of the city of Agn(i), which M. Daressy has conjectured stood near the modern Matâ'na (Recueil de travaux relatifs à la philologie et à l'archéologie, X, 3-4, p. 140-141). It would appear that he is right, since the cemetery of Ed-Dêr is opposite Matâ'na, and my enquiries elicited the fact that the old name is still preserved in that of the Wadi Gîn, into which the Nile-water is pumped from Matâ'na, tho' it has been obscured by the map-makers who have changed Gîn into el-Ginn. The size of the cemetery shows that Agni must have been an important place in the age of the XIIth dynasty, and as I discovered nothing later than that age it would seem that its place was subsequently taken by Esna. As Hathor was worshipped there, we may conclude that it was the Aphroditopolis of the Greeks (Strabo 817). The cones of Aa-pehti were large and painted white; those of Aa-neter were, on the contrary, small, hard-baked and unpainted.
Emery and Kirwan 1935.
They show us an example of # 535 of Davies & Macadam as one of the finds found at Kuban, though they wrongly translate the inscription as: 'Pen-Amen, Overseer of the seals of Bakit (?)' (Emery and Kirwan 1935: 50).
Marcks and Steindorff 1937: 187; Steindorff 1937: Taf. 35.
Aanu's cones (Davies & Macadam # 599 and # 607) were found at the place where his cenotaph is (Marcks and Steindorff 1937: 187; Steindorff 1937: Taf. 35)
By shoring up the ground, however, they were enabled completely to clear the landing, which was curiously paved with cones of rude pottery like the bottoms of amphorae. These cones, of which we took out some twenty-eight or thirty, were not in the least like the celebrated funereal cones found so abundantly at Thebes. They bore no stamps, and were much shorter and more lumpy in shape.
As for the cones like the bottoms of amphorae, see 'Manufacturing methods'.
Given the above information, we can obtain an overview of the geographical location here.
I would like to thank Dr Lipkin and Mr Sakamoto for sharing their information with me.
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Last updated on 19th Aug. 2017.